Created by British sculptor Philip Jacksonn, this 270cm tall bronze statue of India’s Father Mahatma Ghandi was unveiled in 2015 to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Ghandi’s return to India from South Africa. An event which commenced his struggles for Indian independence from the British. The statue honours Ghandi’s beliefs in civil disobedience as a form of peaceful protest against segregation and discrimination and is further a celebration of the strong relationship between England and India. The plinth the statue sits upon is slightly lower than those of other statues in Parliament Square, a conscious effort to symbolise that he was a man of the people. The sculpture was inspired by a 1931 photo of Ghandi outside Number 10 Downing Street where he met then British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald. Born in 1869 in India, Ghandi studied law in London before becoming the leader of India’s independent movement against British rule. Calling for mass boycotts Ghandi urged Indian government officials to stop working for the Crown, students to stop attending government schools, soldiers to leave their posts and even began creating his own cloth with a spinning wheel instead of purchasing British produced cloth. The spinning wheel then became a symbol of Indian independence and self-reliance.
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